The Ministry of Housing and Environment is established by the President under the powers granted to him by the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives. The mandate of this Ministry is detailed below.

1. Formulating policies related to Environment, Energy, Water and Meteorology, and formulating regulations and standards needed for the implementation of legislation.

2. Protecting the environment of the Maldives, and planning the sustainable development and implementation of all aspects of energy, water and sanitation, and meteorology.

3. Carrying out the following activities related to the environment, energy, water and sanitation, sewerage and meteorology.

a. Carrying out the obligations of International treaties and activities related to organizations that the Maldives is party to.
b. Developing human resources at the national level.
c. Carrying out administrative functions related to the Environmental Protection Council.
d. Taking the initiative in planning and implementing awareness programmes at national and international level.
e. Introducing methods of acquiring “innovative finance” in the Maldives.
f. Extending the role of the private sector, and providing resources and facilities to them to the extent possible.
g. Carrying out administrative functions related to Advisory Committee on Energy.

4. Endeavouring to make the natural environment the foundation of national development.

5. Developing and implementing policies on climate change, energy and sustainable development.

6. Carrying out advocacy and other activities related to the mitigation of the effects of climate change on the Maldives and other small island developing states, at regional and international level.

7. Developing projects based on the steps that can be taken to minimize threats related to climate change, and to acquire funds for this purpose from international sources.

8. Coordinating the projects carried out by relevant organizations in order to minimize the negative effects of climate change, and providing any required assistance.

9. Formulating a sustainable development strategy to protect the environment, and carrying out activities related to this strategy, as well planning and carrying out activities proposed by the UN and other international NGOs in conjunction with relevant organizations.

10. Overseeing all activities related to the provision of electricity nationally, as specified in Act 4/96 “Provision of Public Services.”

11. Advising the government and civic society on the professional and economic decisions in managing the energy sector, and producing, delivering and usage of energy.

12. Formulate guidelines, regulations and standards on the production, use, import, export and sale of water in the Maldives.

13. Planning and carrying out the activities needed to introduce renewable energy sources in the Maldives.

14. Making the necessary provisions to make potable water available to all citizens, and to manage the elimination of waste and sewerage.

15. Conducting research into the available resources of water for daily life and for other purposes, and carrying out and taking the necessary steps to introduce such resources nationally, as well as to develop and manage such resources in a sustainable manner.

16. Developing and administering a strategy to introduce environment-friendly systems of sewerage disposal.

17. Providing advice and instructions to the government and the private sector in the planning and administration of water and sanitation activities, on the provision and usage of such services, and in relevant decision-making both professionally and economically.

18. Planning and carrying out activities to afford protection and sustainable use of the water table of the nation’s islands.

19. Planning and implementing the policies required to develop a competitive environment needed to extend the water and sanitation services in an affordable and convenient manner.

20. Planning and implementing the activities needed to formulate policies related to housing in the Maldives.

21. Setting up the minimum standards in the provision of public housing.

22. Planning for the provision of suitable housing for all citizens according to the standards developed under the national housing policy, as well as ensuring that there are regulations for the implementation of housing projects within development projects, and to ascertain that these projects are conducted accordingly.

23. Formulating regulations regarding buildings that belong to more than one person, and monitoring the implementation.

24. Creating a system to oversee all the land of the state and the regulations to maintain a register of all such land, and implementing these activities in conjunction with all relevant parties.

25. Developing regulations to oversee the division of, lease, maintenance, change of ownership, sale and renting of land, and administering these activities in conjunction with all relevant parties.

26. Formulating guidelines and standards for the valuation of land in the Maldives, and implementing these activities in conjunction with all relevant parties.

27. Developing a framework for the appropriate use of land, formulating the guidelines and standards for preparation of the physical development plan as well as other such plans according to the framework, and ensuring that such planning follows these guidelines.

28. Formulating the standards, and developing and implementing the regulations for the appropriate use of land in inhabited islands for building residences and for other urbanization needs.

29. Developing the land use plans and their development controls, as well as the formulating and conducting oversight of the implementation framework, in order to enable the sustainable development of the urban environment of the Maldivian islands.

30. Allocating the land or space required for the urban revitalization of inhabited islands and newly inhabited islands, setting the standards and developing the projects for the development of such places, and implementing them in conjunction with all relevant parties.

31. Developing the urban re-development plans for land-constrained islands such as Male’ based on research into their needs, and ensuring that selected areas on such islands meet the objectives of urban redevelopment projects.

32. Developing the urban master plan and ensuring the integration of the main infrastructure and services for the urban areas, service centres, as well as areas or islands dedicated for economic use and inhabitation in urban regions.

33. Developing land use plans for selected urban centres in urban regions, and formulating guidelines for the development of plans for inhabited islands and other islands in these regions.

34. Developing the requisite urban development master plan for designated densely populated islands and those designated as economic and community centres and for urban centres, and establishing an urban development management system to develop and administer such areas.

35. Allocating urban development projects for particular areas that are selected in the urban development master plan, assisting the administration of such projects, and monitoring to check whether objectives are met.

36. Carrying out the following activities in order to monitor projects allocated to various parties for the development of urban centres under the urban development management system.

a. objectives specified in the master plan are met.
b. Monitoring to check that housing is provided to the standards specified in the system to provide convenient and affordable housing.
c. Reviewing the urban centre development master plan to reflect changes in the development sphere, and making the necessary changes to ensure that the objectives of the project are met.

37. Formulating, developing and promoting the policies needed to develop the Maldivian construction sector.

38. Formulating, monitoring and administering regulations, codes and standards for the Maldivian construction sector.

39. Providing advice in the formulation of legislation and regulations with regard to the Maldivian construction sector, and monitoring and administering the sector in order to ensure compliance.

40. Monitoring and developing the standards of service providers in the construction sector, including the registration and licensing of contractors and consultation providers.

41. Conducting the research necessary to sustainably develop and administer the construction sector.

42. Developing contacts with international organizations in the construction sector, and advising and disseminating information on the industry to relevant Maldivian organizations.

43. Working with government organizations and the industry to develop the human resources and technology required for the Maldivian construction sector.

44. Compiling and administering the regulations for conducting physical surveys, giving approval for their conduct by government and private bodies, and maintaining a register of physical surveys conducted in Maldives and of surveyors.

45. Conducting physical surveys required by government organizations, disseminating the data gathered in such surveys to the relevant organizations, and developing the national resources to conduct such surveys.

46. Allocating the office space required by government offices, setting standards for the use of floor space in government buildings, and monitoring to check whether such standards are met.

47. Carrying out the repair and maintenance of those government buildings that are under the purview of the Ministry of Housing and Environment.

48. Maintaining a record of government buildings as well as other infrastructure.

49. Collating information on the use and status of government buildings as well as other infrastructure into an easily accessible database.

50. Giving professional consultation in formulating policies for the development of public buildings and other public infrastructure, and in conducting such projects.

51. Setting the regulations, guidelines and standards for the reclamation of land and for dredging, as well as planning and conducting major government projects such as land reclamation.

52. Planning and conducting infrastructure projects that do not fall under the purview of other government sectors.

53. Providing consultancy for major works allocated by the government, and carrying out related projects.

The following institutions will operate under the Ministry of Housing and Environment.

1. Maldives Meteorological Service

2. Environmental Protection Agency

3. Maldives Energy Authority

4. National Disaster Management Centre
Mandate of the Maldives Meteorological Service

1. Planning, administering and developing activities related to meteorology in the Maldives.

2. Maintaining the data on climate required for economically and socially sustainable development, maintaining such a knowledgebase, and disseminating this information to those who require it.

3. Collating, maintaining and disseminating scientific information on meteorology.

4. Researching into and providing access to warnings on the weather and natural events such as tsunamis.

5. Predicting the damage caused by natural events or other events that have occurred or may occur, collecting and disseminating data on such events, and taking precautionary steps in conjunction with relevant organizations.

6. Recording and maintaining seismological data for Maldives.
Mandate of the Environmental Protection Agency

The Environmental Protection Agency is an independent regulatory organization affiliated to the Ministry of Housing and Environment and operates under the guidance of a governing board. The mandate of this agency is as follows.

1. Planning and administering the protection of places and living species that are designated to be protected according to the provisions of the Environment Act.

2. Drawing up the guidelines and standards of the Environmental Impact Assessment that is required before the implementation of any project that may have an impact on the environment of the Maldives.

3. Carrying out all tasks related to the implementation of the Maldives Environment Act.

4. Implementing the Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation.

5. Carrying out the conservation processes deemed necessary based on data gathered regarding the erosion of islands due to natural or human activity.

6. Drawing up the guidelines and standards for environmentally safe procedures for waste management, and monitoring to ensure that these guidelines and standards are met by those carrying out waste management.

7. Introducing a system of valuation of the environment in order to recoup any loss to the environment, and implementing this activity.

8. Implementing the regulations set by the Ministry for the protection of the island environment, and monitoring adherence to the regulations and legislation developed for the protection of the environment by government and private parties, and providing advice to relevant government organizations on these issues.

9. Issuing licenses for water and sanitation services, and the management of solid waste and sewerage, and to ensure that parties issued such licenses comply with the terms of the licenses.

10. Drawing up guidelines, regulations and standards for the management of solid waste and sewerage, and ensuring that providers of water services follow these standards.

11. Setting the standards for fee-charging by private providers of water services and providers of solid waste and sewerage disposal or destruction, issuing permits for such charges, checking on the submissions of the users of such services, and taking action to protect the interests of both sides.

12. Carrying out scientific research and experiments, developing a knowledge base in this area, and disseminating this data to those who require it.

13. Researching the changes to the beaches of islands and the causes of beach erosion, and providing advice to solve these issues.

14. Obtaining data on the formation and changes to the islands of the Maldives through the use of satellite imagery and aerial photography, obtaining the data needed for the geographic information system, and providing for the dissemination of this data.

15. Identifying the impacts of land reclamation, harbour development and reef blasting, researching ways of carrying out such activity in an environment-friendly manner, and providing the data and experience gained to relevant organizations.

16. Conducting research and experiments on the environmental pollution in the Maldives, and providing data and professional advice.

17. Conducting research on the taxonomy and habitats of living organisms, and providing data and sharing the experiences with relevant organizations.

18. Conducting research and experiments regarding environmentally friendly biotechnology and biosafety, and providing data and professional advice.

19. Conducting research and experiments regarding the implementation and monitoring of various projects on energy, developing a knowledge base in this area and disseminating this data to those who require it.

20. Planning, administering and monitoring issues relating to the physical oceanography of the Maldives.

21. Monitoring the gases, smoke and particulates in the atmosphere, gathering and monitoring data on these issues, and making it available to relevant parties.

22. Conducting scientific research into the available sources of potable water in the Maldives, monitoring such data, and making it available to relevant parties.

23. Conducting research to identify natural sources of energy in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the Maldives.

24. Accumulating the environmental data required for the planning of development projects, developing a knowledge base in this area, and disseminating this data to those who require it.
Mandate of the Maldives Energy Authority

The Maldives Energy Authority is an independent regulatory organization affiliated to the Ministry of Housing and Environment and operates under the guidance of a governing board. The mandate of this agency is as follows.

1. Providing advice to relevant government organizations regarding energy, and assisting in decision-making in this sector.

2. Setting the standards and operating the regulations for the administration and monitoring of this sector according to government policy on energy.

3. Developing the regulatory code and standards on the production and use of energy in the Maldivian context, and developing and administering the regulations for the provision of energy in the Maldives.

4. Setting the standards for the sources of energy that are imported into or sold in the Maldives.

5. Issuing permits to parties that wish to provide electricity services, setting up the system of fees for the services provided by such parties, issuing permits to parties that wish to produce electricity for their own use, and monitoring such parties to ensure adherence to relevant regulations.

6. Issuing permits to electric technicians and setting the standards for consultants.

7. Investigating issues between parties arising from non-compliance to the terms of agreements between providers and users of electricity.

8. Monitoring the statistics on the production and usage of energy in the Maldives, ascertaining the energy requirements of the nation, and gathering data, researching and disseminating information on this issue.
Mandate of the National Disaster Management Centre

1. Coordinating all activities required to respond to disasters that affect the nation.

2. Providing relief assistance to those in need in the event of natural or other types of disasters and events.

3. Providing temporary shelter to those in need in the event of disasters that affect the nation, coordinating the renovation of housing that is damaged, and monitoring all issues relating to the persons and shelters of those who are left without housing.

4. Acquiring, receiving and coordinating all assistance in the event of disasters that affect the nation.

5. Planning and administering various projects required to prepare citizens to face disasters that affect the nation, and raising awareness among government organizations and the public regarding such preparations.

8 July 2010